C14 decays to N14
Carbon 14 decays to N14.
A well known nuclear reaction that most have heard of directly or indirectly is know as "Carbon dating". This dating method to determine age for anything that has some Carbon in it can be used because Carbon in the atmosphere contains a little bit Carbon 14 that is created due to cosmic radiation impact on the molecules that make up our air. Normally Carbon has 12 Protons in its structure.
The C14 decays into Nitrogen 14 whereby a so called "extra neutron" changes into a proton and an electron that takes its place in the outer 'orbital'.
The 2 extra “neutrons” have changed into a “neutron-proton” pair as is depicted below. This in turn means the element # has increased by one, becoming Nitrogen.
The numbers: in classical terms.
C14 (6P 6e 8N) → N14 (7P 7e 7N)
So one neutron became an Proton electron pair (N --> P + e)
The numbers: in SAM terms.
C14 (14 protons, 8 inner electrons, 6 outer electrons) --> N14 (14 protons, 7 inner electrons, 7 outer electrons)
So one inner electron becomes an outer electron due to the creation of another 'neutron pair'
Carbon 14 with 2 extra "neutrons" / proton-electron pair is shown here. When there is an initiation such as a photon it can cause the 2 neutrons to meet and form a new tetrahedron an in the process 'boot out' one of the 2 inner electrons which takes its place in the orbital structure.
Nitrogen 14 shows the reaction product from Carbon 14. The Carbon nuclet is now opened up and it has the so called 'gap'.
Why does carbon 14 beta decay? I believe beta decay occurs when neutrino passes through the interior of nucleus. In SAM, electrons are not in close contact with protons. SAM can not explain the mechanism of beta decay.
We are currently working to explain why elements decay the way they do and we are making a lot of progress. Expect some articles on the subject in the near future.
Carbon 14 decays because of an excess of negative charge due to the extra neutrons. We do believe beta decay is initiated by an external influence - possibly a neutrino, if neutrinos actually exist. We view the neutrino as being some type of energy, not necessarily a particle.
Hi, thank you for your quick reply.
I already found mecanism of beta decay.
In my expectation, protons and electrons inside the nucleus need to be in close contact with each other.
> We view the neutrino as being some type of energy, not necessarily a particle.
yes, neutrino is not particle. I think neutrino is pulse of electric field. I wrote some articles about it on this site. We also need to rethink electromagnetics. Reviewing the propagation of electromagnetic waves can also explain quantum leap well.
I am looking forward to your new post.