Major postulations of the Structured Atom Model

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Major postulations of the Structured Atom Model

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Major postulations of the Structured Atom Model

  • There are only two fundamental particles - the electron and proton (SAM does not explain the particles themselves).
  • The proton and the electron are a duality or opposites yet do not annihilate each other.
  • There is only one fundamental force: the electrostatic attraction force that is acting between the proton and the electron.
  • The nucleus is following the "spherical densest packing" principle and shows specific groupings in the elements defined as nuclets.
  • The atom must have a definitive organization which is responsible for all attributes of a particular element.
  • The neutron is not a fundamental particle, but is redefined as a connection between a nuclear electron and its neighboring protons.
  • A stable element has a stable nucleus, i.e. no movement, without cause, in the structure of the nucleus.
  • A sphere (proton) must always be part of one of the 3 identified geometrical structures, namely the tetrahedron (4), the  pentagonal bi-pyramid (7), or the icosahedron (12).
  • The inner structure of the atom (nucleus) dictates the outer electron structure (orbitals).
  • Protons all have the same properties and cannot occupy the same space.
  • Electrons all have the same properties and cannot occupy the same space.